Advanced oxidation of a reactive dyebath effluent: Comparison of O3, H2O2/UV-C and TiO2/UV-A processes

Idil Arslan Alaton, Isil Akmehmet Balcioglu*, Detlef W. Bahnemann

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

472 Citations (Scopus)


In the present study the treatment efficiency of different AOPs (O3/OH-, H2O2/UV-C and TiO2/UV-A) were compared for the oxidation of simulated reactive dyebath effluent containing a mixture of monochlorotriazine type reactive dyes and various dye auxiliary chemicals at typical concentrations encountered in exhausted reactive dyebath liquors. A525 (color), UV280 (aromaticity) and TOC removal rates were assessed to screen the most appropriate oxidative process in terms of reactive dyebath effluent treatment. Special emphasis was laid on the effect of reaction pH and applied oxidant (O3, H2O2) dose on the observed reaction kinetics. It was established that the investigated AOPs were negatively affected by the Na2CO3 content (=867mg/L) which is always present at high concentrations in dyehouse effluents since it is applied as a pH buffer and dye fixation agent during the reactive dyeing process. The ozonation reaction exhibited almost instantaneous decolorization kinetics and a reasonable TOC reduction rate. It appeared to be stable under the investigated advanced oxidation conditions and outranked the other studied AOPs based on the above mentioned criteria. Besides, the electrical energy requirements based on the EE/O parameter (the electrical energy required per order of pollutant removal in 1m3 wastewater) was calculated for the homogenous AOPs in terms of decolorization kinetics. In view of the electrical energy efficiency, ozonation and H2O2/UV-C oxidation at the selected treatment conditions appear to be promising candidates for full-scale dyehouse effluent decolorization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1143-1154
Number of pages12
JournalWater Research
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes


Idil Arslan is grateful to TUBITAK BAYG for the NATO A2 scholarship. The authors also acknowledge Bogaziçi Research Foundation for the financial support through grant 98Y-03.

FundersFunder number
Bogaziçi Research Foundation98Y-03


    • Advanced oxidation
    • EE/O
    • HO/UV-C
    • Ozonation
    • Reactive dyebath effluent
    • TiO/UV-A


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