A novel application of the CORAS framework for ensuring cyber hygiene on shipboard RADAR

Gizem Kayisoglu*, Pelin Bolat, Kimberly Tam

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Radio Detection and Ranging (RADAR) equipment is a significant information and navigational system onboard vessels and a critical part of a ship’s cyber space. It is an electronic system used not only for detecting surrounding objects, to indicate their positions, and tracking targets using radio waves, but also providing safe navigation by receiving and displaying data from other navigational devices. Therefore, it is concerning to see that marine RADAR systems have various cyber vulnerabilities, including data deletion and data relocation. These systems can be manipulated and penetrated via malicious software, unauthorised remote access, human error, or sabotage by internal and external attackers. This is critical to the cyber hygiene of the ship, which affects its reliability and safety. This study performs a cyber risk assessment using the CORAS framework for RADAR cyber security by developing case-based RADAR cyber scenarios in terms of both its specific information technology subsystems and the cyber security control measures. The output of this study includes a holistic and visual assessment of RADAR's cyber security for both its cyber vulnerabilities and cyber hygiene to better protect shipboard RADAR in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-81
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Marine Engineering and Technology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Institute of Marine Engineering, Science & Technology.


This study is funded by the IAMU Young Staff Research Project 2022 as titled of ‘Determining Maritime Cyber Security Dynamics and Development of Maritime Cyber Risk Check List for Ships’ [Research project number: YAS20220301]. The materials and data in this publication have been obtained through the support of the International Association of Maritime Universities (IAMU) and The Nippon Foundation in Japan.

FundersFunder number
Nippon Foundation in Japan
International Association of Maritime Universities


    • CORAS risk assessment
    • RADAR cyber security
    • Shipboard RADAR
    • cyber security risk assessment
    • maritime cyber security


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