A new method for producing anhydrous puffed borax

Ömer Şahin*, Nasrettin Genli, Mustafa Özdemir

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


This paper describes the production of anhydrous puffed borax from borax pentahydrate (BPH) in a batch calcinator. The calcination of BPH is incomplete since agglomeration starts at 300°C. In order to avoid agglomeration at temperatures higher than 300°C, the surface of BPH particles have been covered with a CaO layer in aqueous media having a higher melting point than pure BPH. To investigate the effect of this CaO layer on the calcination of BPH, the samples were fed into the batch calcinator. During the calcination process, quantities such as the bulk density value, particle size distribution, sodium borate and calcium content of anhydrous borax have been determined as a function of temperature. It was found that the anhydrous borax can be obtained by calcination of BPH particles covered with CaO in 50, 20 and 5 min time intervals at a temperature range of 300,400 and 500°C, respectively. As a result, puffed anhydrous borax of 99% purity with bulk density of 0.082 g cm -3 and containing 0.670% Ca2+ has been produced by this method in 5 min interval at 500°C.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalChemical Engineering and Processing - Process Intensification
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2005
Externally publishedYes


  • Anhydrous borax
  • Borax pentahydrate
  • Calcium oxide
  • Coating


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