D. Guler*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


The density of the built environment is growing due to the migration from rural areas to urban areas. The challenges that should be addressed are therefore increased in today’s built environment. In relation to this, the productive use of underground space is essential to overcome the problems on the surface. Since the built environment has complex and multi-layered buildings more than ever, the delineation and management of the cadastral rights, restrictions, and responsibilities (RRRs) are significantly difficult in two-dimensional (2D). For this reason, creating approaches for the efficient representation of RRRs in three-dimensional (3D) is a hot topic in recent years. Considering the multifaceted structure of the underground, 3D geoinformation regarding the underground is needed for managing the underground space. Regarding this, it is significant to underline that legal and administrative namely land administration considerations are integral parts of the planning of underground space. This paper thus extends the CityJSON core schema in a way that it can be used for 3D delineation of underground cadastral RRRs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)213-219
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences - ISPRS Archives
Issue number4/W9-2024
Publication statusPublished - 8 Mar 2024
Event8th International Conference on GeoInformation Advances, GeoAdvances 2024 - Istanbul, Turkey
Duration: 11 Jan 202412 Jan 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Author(s) 2024.


  • 3D cadastre
  • 3D geoinformation
  • CityJSON
  • Sustainable development
  • Underground space


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