2D non-linear seismic response of the Dinar basin,TURKEY

H. Khanbabazadeh*, R. Iyisan, A. Ansal, M. E. Hasal

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


Local geological conditions generate significant amplification of ground motion and concentrated damage during earthquakes. The highly concentrated damages at the edges of the Dinar basin during occurred earthquakes at regions close to rock outcrop bring up the effect of the inclined bedrock effect on the dynamic behavior of the basin with 2D geometry. In this study, first the idealized 2D model of the basin based on the results of the underground explorations and geologic investigations is proposed. Results show that Dinar basin has an asymmetric 2D geometry with two different bedrock angles at edges. Then, a numerical study using finite difference based nonlinear code which utilizes appropriate static and dynamic boundary conditions, and includes hysteresis damping formulation based on the user defined degradation curves is conducted using real earthquake motions of different strength and frequency content. The constructed model is subjected to the collection of 16 earthquakes with different PGA's of 0.1, 0.2, 0.3 and 0.4 g, four motions for each PGA. It was seen that the dynamic behavior of the basin is broadly affected by the two dimensional bedrock. The results indicates the higher effect of the 6° bedrock inclination at east part on the amplification with respect to the steeper 20° bedrock slope at the west. Also, the results show the insignificant effect of the bedrock at the depth more than 150 m on the amplification of the east edge. While the effect of the 6° bedrock angle at the east part continues until 1500 m from the outcrop, it affects the amplification until 700 m from the outcrop at the west part with 20° bedrock angle.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5-11
Number of pages7
JournalSoil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Elsevier Ltd


  • Basin edge effect
  • Dynamic behavior
  • Numerical modeling
  • Site effects


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